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How to Install vsftpd FTP Server on Ubuntu 23.04

Dec 02, 2023

To set up the vsftpd FTP server on Ubuntu 23.04, follow the steps below:

Step 1 : Update

Begin by updating your package list to ensure you have the latest information about available packages.

sudo apt update

Step 2 : Install vsftpd

Install the vsftpd package using the following command:

sudo apt install vsftpd

Step 3 : Check vsftpd Status

After the installation is complete, check the status of the vsftpd service to ensure it is running:

sudo systemctl status vsftpd

Step 4 : Configure vsftpd

Disable anonymous FTP access and configure vsftpd settings by editing the configuration file:

sudo nano /etc/vsftpd.conf

Adjust the following configurations:

anonymous_enable=NO
local_enable=YES
write_enable=YES
chroot_local_user=YES
user_sub_token=$USER
local_root=/home/$USER
allow_writeable_chroot=YES

Save the changes and exit the text editor.

Step 5 : Restart vsftpd

Restart the vsftpd service to apply the changes:

sudo systemctl restart vsftpd

Step 6 : Create FTP User

Add a user for FTP access using the following command:

sudo adduser ftp_user

Step 7 : Allow UFW Traffic

If you are using UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall), allow traffic on the FTP port:

sudo ufw allow 20/tcp
sudo ufw allow 21/tcp

Step 8 : Test Connection

- Open your SFTP client, such as FileZilla.

- Add a new site in FileZilla: go to "File" > "Site Manager."

- Click on "New Site" and give it a suitable name.

- Configure site settings:

+ Set "Protocol" to FTP - File Transfer Protocol.

+ For "Encryption," select "Use explicit FTP over TLS if available."

+ Enter the host, which is the IP address or domain of your server.

+ Set "Port" to 21.

+ Choose "Logon Type" as "Normal" and enter the FTP username and password you created earlier.

- Connect to the server

- If the connection is successful, you will see the remote directory on the right side of the FileZilla interface, indicating a successful FTP connection.

Congratulations! You have successfully set up and configured the vsftpd FTP server on Ubuntu 23.04.

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