How to How to Monitor the CPU on Ubuntu Server 20.04

Louis SanchezJuly 29th 2021, 7:34

Follow these steps to monitor the CPU

Step 1 : To start top, simply type in top in your command prompt and press Enter


Step 2 : You can use the htop command.


Step 3 : The command pidstat can be used to monitor CPU utilization by an individual process or program. You will need to install sysstat

sudo apt install sysstat

pidstat -C mysql

Step 4 : With pidstat, you can also query statistics for a specific process by its process ID or PID, as follows:

pidstat -p 2809

Step 5 : The other useful command is vmstat

vmstat 1

Step 6 : Another command for getting processor statistics is mpstat.

mpstat 1 5

Step 7 : One more command, sar (System Activity Reporter), gives details of system performance. To get current CPU utilization using sar, specify the interval, and optionally, counter values.

sar -u 3 5

The command will output 5 records at an interval of 3 seconds.