How to Configure a Nginx HTTPs Reverse Proxy on Ubuntu Server 20.04

Louis SanchezAugust 15th 2021, 2:14

We will use Nginx as a reverse proxy, which will serve all static content and pass the requests for dynamic content to Apache.

Follow these steps to set Nginx as a reverse proxy:

Step 1 : Install Nginx with the following command

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install nginx

Step 2 : Create a new site configuration under /etc/nginx/sites-available and add the following content to it:

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/reverse_proxy
server {
    listen 80;

    root /var/www/;
    index index.php index.html index.htm;


    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php;

    location ~ \.php$ {
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP  $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
    location ~* \.(js|css|jpg|jpeg|png|svg|html|htm)$ {
        expires      30d;

    location ~ /\.ht {
        deny all;

Step 3 : Enable this new configuration by creating a symbolic link under sites-enabled

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/reverse_proxy /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/reverse_proxy

Step 4 : Install Apache

sudo apt-get install apache2

Step 5 : We need to change the Apache settings to listen on port 8080. This will leave port 80 to be used by Nginx

sudo nano /etc/apache2/ports.conf

Step 6 : Also change NameVirtualHost, if you are using it


Step 7 : Create the virtual hosts settings to listen on port 8080

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/
    DocumentRoot /var/www/

Step 8 : Enable our new VirtualHost with a2ensite and reload Apache:

cd /etc/apache2/sites-available/
sudo a2ensite

Step 9 : Create a index.php
mkdir -p /var/www/
sudo chown $USER:www-data -R /var/www/
sudo chmod 775 -R /var/www/
echo '<h1>Hello World</h1>' > /var/www/

Step 10 : Save the changes and restart Apache, Nginx for the changes to take effect:

sudo service apache2 restart
sudo service nginx restart

Step 11 : Check for open ports with the following command

sudo netstat -pltn

Step 12 : Open your browser and point it to the IP address of your server.