How to Add User to Sudoers in Ubuntu Server 16.04

Louis SanchezAugust 14th 2021, 11:14

Add User to Sudoers

Step 1 : To give additional users access to sudo, all you would need to do is add them to the sudo group

sudo usermod -aG sudo myuser

Configure sudo

Step 2 : User with sudo privileges access to everything, and that may or may not be what you want.

To actually configure sudo, we use the visudo command.

sudo visudo

By default, Ubuntu opens up the nano text editor when you use visudo. With nano, you can save changes using Ctrl + W, and you can exit the text editor with Ctrl + X.

Step 3 : This is the line of configuration that enables sudo access to anyone who is a member of the sudo group

%sudo   ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL

Step 4 : You don't have to enable access by group. You can actually call out a username instead.

root    ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL

The first ALL : means that root is able to use sudo from any Terminal.

The second ALL : means that root can use sudo to impersonate any other user.

The third ALL : means that root can impersonate any other group.

The last ALL : refers to what commands this user is able to do

Step 5 : I'll give some additional examples.

username    ALL=(ALL:ALL) /usr/sbin/reboot,/usr/sbin/shutdown

Step 6 : We're allowing user username to execute the reboot and shutdown commands. If user username tries to do something else (such as install a package / update), he will receive an error message:

Step 7 : We're allowing username to impersonate other users. we could just remove the (ALL:ALL) from the line altogether to prevent username from using the -u option of sudo to run commands as other users:

username    ALL= /usr/bin/apt