How to configure nginx for Magento 2

With nearly 30 percent market share, Magento is the most popular e-commerce platform in the world. Due to a number of features and complexity, it’s also a very resource-intensive system to use compared to a lightweight alternative. This means that NGINX is an ideal pairing to ensure you have the highest performance possible.

The latest major version of Magento is 2.3, which was nearly a complete rewrite compared to the previous versions. There’s still quite a bit of complexity involved too, so make sure that you’re ready to take on Magento if you’ve chosen it for your e-commerce platform.

Magento provides a fairly functional NGINX sample configuration (located in the root of the Magento source folder) to get started with. I’ve located the files within the /var/www/html directory, which will be known as MAGE_ROOT.

I’ve created a dedicated config file just for the Magento site (/etc/nginx/conf.d/magento2.conf)

nano /etc/nginx/conf.d/magento2.conf

Then copy and paste the content below into the file and save.

upstream fastcgi_backend {
     server  unix:/var/run/php/php7.3-fpm.sock;

 server {
     listen 80;
     server_name magento.local;
     set $MAGE_ROOT /var/www/html;
     include /var/www/html/nginx.conf.sample;

Reload NGINX to read the new configuration file.

sudo service nginx reload

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